Friday 27 January 2017

The photo that alerted the world

This is a photo shot on the streets of Munich, Germany on 10th March 1933; just six weeks after Hitler came to power.  The picture, published across the world and later in many history books, was a chilling portent of the hellish events that were about to consume Germany and much of the rest of the planet.  Many have seen this photo, but few know the background behind it. 

Dr Michael Siegel, an eminent 50-year-old German Jewish lawyer, is shown in the photo, bruised, barefoot, trousers ripped, being marched by Nazi ‘brown-shirt’ auxiliary police.  The sign hanging from his neck was scrawled with the message,  ‘Ich bin Jude, aber ich werde mich nie mehr bei der Polizei beschweren’‘I am a Jew, but I will never again complain to the police’.


The day before this fateful photo was shot, the Nazis took over municipal control of Munich.  A national emergency decree had just been passed to suspend ‘civil rights until further notice’, including the constitutional right to free speech, the freedom of the person, and the inviolability of a citizen’s property.  In particular, Jews and Communists were targeted, and all Jewish lawyers were to be banned from practising or even entering the courts.     

That day, Herr Max Uhlfelder, Jewish owner of Munich’s second largest department store that bore his family name, prepared to go to work as usual.  His shop, owned and run by his family since 1878, employed around 1,000 staff and had some 7,000 square metres of sales space.  A highlight of the store was the modern electric escalators that effortlessly transported customers up or down the three floors of this popular household and haberdashery store.   

That day however wasn't usual, but what happened was to become usual in Germany under Hitler’s reign.  Nazi Stormtroopers smashed the windows of the Uhlfelder store, and Max, along with 280 other Jewish Munich inhabitants, was taken to Dachau concentration camp for so-called ‘protective custody’. 

Max’s wife, desperate to find help for her husband, phoned Dr Michael Siegel, their family friend and lawyer.  Michael immediately made arrangements to attend Munich’s police headquarters to complain that his client’s civil rights had been violated.  


Next morning, Friday 10th March 1933, Dr Siegel, smartly dressed as usual, reached the headquarters at the appointed time.  On entering the police station, Dr Siegel was told that he was expected and shown to a basement interview room.  

However, once inside, instead of facing the usual police officer, Dr Siegel was confronted by a group of Nazi ‘Sturm Abteilung’ – storm troopers, who had been recruited as ‘auxiliary policemen’ by the newly appointed head of the Munich Police, Heinrich Himmler.

The burly men immediately unleashed a torrent of blows against the defenceless Dr Siegel.  They knocked out some of his front teeth, perforated an ear drum, threw away his shoes and cut short his trousers.   Blooded and bruised, a board was then hung from his neck bearing the notice that he was Jewish and would never again complain to the police.

Dr Siegel was then kicked out of the police station and made to march, barefoot and in his white “unterhosen” (underpants).  The Nazi ‘police officers’, about seven in total, led him around Munich’s inner city streets, taking him on a circuitous journey, across Munich’s Karlsplatz (central square), and eventually ending up at the main train station. 

On the way a few passersby looked on shocked, some stared with bemused curiosity, but others mocked and ridiculed, as Dr Siegel looked straight ahead, his eyes fixed, swallowing the blood from his broken teeth.

As the brown-shirted bullies arrived with their ‘captive’ just outside Munich train station, they ordered him to stand still. Then, drunk with derision, they loaded their rifles.   One of the officers yelled: 

‘Jetzt stirbst du, Jud! – ‘Now you die, Jew!’ 

The storm troopers then scornfully laughed, about turned, and left. 


Fortunately, a vacant taxi was nearby.  As Michael Siegel was about to get in, a man approached him.  In an English or American accent, he said that he’d taken a photo, and could he have permission to publish it?  Dr Siegel said yes, then got in the taxi and asked to be taken home to 10 Possartstrasse in the Bogenhausen area of Munich.

At home was his daughter Beate, looking forward to her 8th birthday party in just four days time.  She had stayed home in bed that day with a cold.  When she heard the key in the front door, and footsteps entering the apartment, she thought it was her mum coming back from shopping.   Strangely, she didn't come to see her.  

Beate thought something must be wrong.  She got up and saw her father’s tattered and blood drenched clothes hanging on the hooks outside the bathroom.   It was a huge shock, and she couldn’t have any idea what had happened.  She knocked on her parent’s bedroom door, and hesitantly opened it, but her father had pulled up the eiderdown to hide his pale, bruised and blood stained face.  

‘Wait till your mother comes home,’ he said in a pained voice.  Beate realised that something truly awful had happened.  


Mathilde Siegel later told Beate and her 12-year-old brother, Peter, an outline of what had happened to their father, but not the full detail.   Eventually, Dr Siegel recovered from his injuries, and didn't have to recover his pride or dignity, as those he had never lost.  Over the next few years before the start of the war, he tried many times to practise law again, but being Jewish in Nazi Germany, that was made impossible.

Look again more carefully at the photo of Dr Michael Siegel being marched along the streets of Munich by his Nazi tormentors.  This was a man who was shockingly brutalised, and came home bloodied and bruised and awfully betrayed by his country.  But despite the shock of being demeaned in such a disgusting way, his head is still high as he walks barefoot along the streets of Munich, those brown-shirted Nazi thugs goading him along.  

The Nazis were eventually beaten into submission, but not Dr Michael Siegel. With his wife in 1940,  they escaped the Hitler dictatorship by taking a trans-Siberian train across the Soviet Union to Japan from where they embarked a ship to Peru, which they made their new home. 

Years later Dr Siegel was asked what was going through his mind as he was being beaten and then forced to march across the city?  He replied that he was thinking:

'I’ll survive all of you.'

And so he did.  Dr Siegel lived to 97 years, and enjoyed 50 years of marriage with his wife, Mathilde.


What happened to the shop owner that Dr Siegel tried to save?  Max Uhlfelder remained incarcerated in the Dachau concentration camp with his son, where many were severely brutalised and several died.  In the ‘Kristallnacht’ Nazi attacks on Jewish properties across Germany in November 1938, his department store was ransacked, set on fire and its doors left open for several days.   The store was later ‘confiscated’ by the Nazi regime.

In January 1939, some eight months before the start of World War II, Max and his son were released from Dachau, and the family managed to obtain a visa to India, guaranteeing their survival from certain death if they had stayed in Germany.    Before leaving Germany, they were stripped of all their assets and even made to pay for the repairs of their ruined department store.


What about Peter, Dr Siegel's young son?  By 1939, with world war imminent and attacks on Jews and their property becoming more brutal, sinister and murderous, it was obvious that Germany, which had been the home and nationality for hundreds of years of Siegel ancestors, was no longer safe.   

With the help of his dad, Peter then aged 18, managed to get a student visa to England on strict condition that he left when his studies were complete.   War changed that condition.  He joined the British Army and after the war England became his ‘adopted’ country.  Peter became an expert in minerals and metals, and managing director of a successful multinational company based in London.

And Beate, what happened to her, the young girl whose 8th birthday was never to be what it was meant to be, dark clouded by the savage attack against her dad and his unforgettably shocking and bloodied homecoming?

Well, I recently met the daughter of the man in the photo that alerted the world to the terror of the Nazis.


Bea, as she likes to be known, is a wonderful octogenarian who survived the Nazis and who also sought refuge in England and made it her home.  Together we sat and watched the remarkable documentary in which she features, ‘The Children Who Cheated The Nazis’, at a special showing of the film at The Wiener Library in London.  

The documentary was produced in 2000 by compassionate film makers Sue Read and Jim Goulding, and first aired on Channel Four.  It tells the story of how, in the months leading up to  World War II, around 10,000 mostly Jewish children were rescued from  Nazi Germany, Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia and the ‘free city’ of Danzig, by coming to England unaccompanied on a series of special trains and boats known as the ‘Kindertransport’ 

There were strict conditions.  The children were not allowed to stay in England permanently, and their parents were not allowed to travel with them.  For the children, and their parents, it was to be the most heart-wrenching separation of their lives.  Most of the children never saw their parents again, as they were later murdered by the Nazi regime.  

To be allowed into England, each child required sponsorship of £50, an enormous amount back in 1939, and a family to look after them.   Huge efforts were made to save as many children as possible, and the British public raised half-a-million pounds towards the rescue effort.  When war was declared less than a year after the Kindertransport mission started, the Nazis wouldn't allow any more children to leave.

With her parents help, Bea , then aged 14, managed to be selected to join one of the children’s ‘freedom’ trains, soon after her older brother Peter had also made his escape to England.    


At midnight on Monday 26 June 1939, Bea joined several other bewildered and tearful children on the platform at Munich train station.  As steam bellowed from underneath the train, and the Nazi soldiers sharply separated the youngsters from their heart-broken and often unsure parents, Bea climbed the steep steps onto the train.  

With just one small suitcase, all she was permitted to take, Bea joined a compartment full of other children, not one adult amongst them, apart from the stern and disapproving looks of Nazi officials and guards. 

Through the train windows the children and parents frantically waved each other goodbye, none of them knowing when they’d be with each other again, none of them realising that almost all of them never would.

Through the midnight hours, away from the daylight gaze of publicity, the Jewish children’s train made its long 550 mile night journey north across the heart of Nazi Germany, through Nuremburg, Frankfurt and Cologne, over the border into the Netherlands, and a waiting boat to England from the Hook of Holland.  

Bea was sponsored by an elderly English non-Jewish widow, and later studied modern languages at the University of London.  Like many of the kinder children, who had no choice, Bea settled in England.  She married twice, has three sons and six grandchildren, and became a magistrate.

Bea, and her brother Peter, did see their parents again, but never again did they share the same family home together.  The documentary in which she features, ‘The Children Who Cheated The Nazis’, is an accurate and carefully reported account that deserves much wider viewing.  It’s true that the children of the ‘Kindertransport’ cheated the Nazis out of slaughtering them, which for sure the Nazis would have done if these youngsters had stayed behind. But the Nazi regime also cheated these children out of the childhood, family, and future that they should have had.


Bea told me she feels lucky.  Luck of course is relative.  She, her brother Peter, and her parents Michael and Mathilde, were lucky to find liberation from the Nazis, as was store owner Max Uhlfelder and his family.  They were the ‘lucky ones’; the few who ‘got away’, because most, the vast majority, didn’t manage to escape as they did.  

Yet this ‘relative luck’ came with the price of losing their family life; their savings and belongings; their country of birth, and their relatives and friends who were left behind and perished.  

So it’s a luck tinged with a gnawing sadness of what might have been, and an abiding anger towards the brutal nasty Nazis who were so blinded by their flawed fascist ideology.  Bea, with language that’s necessary but which also belies her sweet gentle nature, has no hesitation in calling those Nazis, especially the ones who bashed up and tried to belittle her dad:

'The shitty bastards' 



Ten thousand mostly Jewish children were saved from death in the Holocaust by being transported just-in-time to the relative safety of England. It’s a wonderful story and needs to be told to countless future generations. But it should also be understood that those ten thousand rescued children amounted to less than 1% of the total number of children murdered by the Nazis and their collaborators.  

Around 1.5 million completely innocent children were callously annihilated because people were poisoned by an idea that this was the right thing to do.  The same virus of a belief also drove previously civilised Europeans to slaughter and or subjugate millions of innocent adults during those years of vile fascist power.


To understand this history and to avoid its recurrence, we have to know the antidote to the virus of hate and abuse and intolerance.  Often, the virus starts slowly and in small ways, and only spreads and grows when people say and do nothing.  

In Nazi Germany, one of the first acts of government was to ‘suspend’ laws protecting human rights.  That’s something we must guard against ever happening again.  

In response to the appalling atrocities of the Nazi regime, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948.  Two years later the Council of Europe drafted the European Convention on Human Rights, which came into force on 3 September 1953.  

In addition, respect for human rights is an essential component of all European Union treaties and are reinforced by the European Union's Charter of Fundamental Rights. 

These are vital, precious declarations that need to be cherished, preserved and upheld.  An act of inhumanity by the state against one human, any human, is an act against all humanity.  

• This is the front page of America’s ‘Washington Times’, of Thursday 23 March 1933, showing the shocking photo of Dr Michael Siegel being marched across the streets of Munich by Nazi ‘brown-shirt’ auxiliary police. The photo caption is headlined: A brand of Hitler 'humane justice'.

The newspaper has attempted to add the words to the placard as these were not clear on the original photo. This was a mistake, according to Dr Siegel's daughter, Bea. She told me:

"I am really impressed that you found the front page of the Washington Times that first published my father’s picture being led round Munich on 10 March 1933. It sort of concertinas time. The writing on the plaque round his neck has been touched up by different publishers. According to my father, it said: 'Ich bin Jude und werde mich nie mehr bei der Polizei beschweren'‘I am a Jew, but I will never again complain to the police’."

Bea added some new detail to the story of what happened to her dad that fateful day on 10 March 1933. "Before they led him round Munich they beat him up. He told me once that he was more concerned that their boots kicking him would damage his kidneys that he thought were more vulnerable than his head - so he kept his arms round his middle."

I am grateful to my friend and former BBC investigative journalist colleague, Dina Gold, for helping to track down the original of the Washington Times front page, after I had been searching for it for some time. Dina, who now lives in Washington DC, asked the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum if they could help to find the original of the Washington Times front page. 

The museum's 'Education Outreach Specialist' David Klevan asked Capitol Hill School in Washington DC if they would like to take on the search for the newspaper front page as a class history project. Their 8th grade history teacher was happy to let her class of 13-year-olds have a go. And remarkably, the students managed to track down the front page, even though the Washington Times had ceased publication many years ago (a different newspaper using the same name of Washington Times was later launched in 1982, which confused the search).

It's somewhat fitting that a class of 13-year-olds found the newspaper cutting, as Bea Green was just 14 when she fled from the Nazis by KinderTransport train to reach Britain, just before the outbreak of the Second World War.

Commented David, "The students at Capitol Hill Day School are among thousands of citizen historians who have been helping the Holocaust Museum gather data on how (if at all) the Holocaust was reported in local American press during the 30s and 40s. It is a unique opportunity for learners of all ages to increase their understanding of the Holocaust as a part of American history, while developing research skills working with primary sources, and contributing to a project of true consequence."  More details about this project at: 'The History Unfolded Blog' 

Dina has herself recently completed a book telling the story of her remarkable struggle to reclaim her family's building in Berlin that was stolen by the Nazi regime in the 1930s. 

Built by Dina's great grandfather in 1910, the substantial six-story building at Krausenstrasse 17/18 in central Berlin had been the head office of one of Germany’s most successful Jewish fashion firms. 

But during World War II the stolen building was used by the Deutsche Reichsbahn, Hitler’s railways, which transported millions of Jews to their deaths. 

Dina's book details the history of her  family's ownership of the building, its confiscation by the Nazis, and her long and complex legal fight to reclaim it. 

Dina's new and updated paperback, 'Stolen Legacy: Nazi Theft and the Quest for Justice at Krausenstrasse 17/18, Berlin' is a gripping and shocking story that I can highly recommend. Dina and I used to work together on Roger Cook's Radio 4 investigative programme, 'Checkpoint', at the time, the 'crème de la crème' of investigative programmes. Dina has used her considerable skills as an ace investigative journalist to track down what happened to her family's property after it was seized by the Nazis, and how she managed to successfully reclaim it.

There has been no previous written account of a successful claim of a property seized by the Nazis in Germany.

Related story: Gran was right all along: our family once owned a building seized by the Nazis - The Guardian

 Dina Gold – Stolen Legacy  'This week, our time machine follows one woman’s modern quest to recover property stolen by Nazi Germany. It was only a single theft in the National Socialist State’s vast, systematic plundering of Jewish wealth, but the Wolff family’s story quickly becomes our story, and we find ourselves rooting for justice.' - History Author Show

Related articles by Jon Danzig:

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Join my Facebook campaign to keep Britain in the European Union: Reasons2Remain

 Readers comments are very welcome, including opinions that oppose mine. Comments need to be on-topic and personal attacks will not be allowed. To read more about the style of debating that I encourage on all my blogs, please read my article: 'Debate, don't hate'

 Interview with Bea Green for Holocaust Memorial Day (27 January 2017):

• Join and share the discussion about this article on Facebook and Twitter:

  • My 14-minute speech on how UK newspapers are promoting xenophobia: 


  1. Jon such a moving & well written piece I felt like I was there from how you described things. I also saw the programme & to know you met Bea who experienced it first hand & to tell her story so all of us is so important as we must Never forget! Sadly things like what have happened in Bosnia, Syria & many other countries is happening again but to different people using genocide. I hope for the day that we can all just live in this world without being persecuted for being who we are which at te end is a human like everyone else. Send my best wishes to Bea! Becki xx

  2. Jon we need to be outraged by all human rights violations. If we are not outraged by war against Iraq, the Irish Famine, the genocide against the aboriginal people in America, the slave trade, and many other such conflicts in the name of someone's economic profit what point is it to be outraged with the Nazis. Every act of inhumanity should have us all marching in the streets otherwise the violations will continue. We cannot look at violation of Human Rights if done against our friends as worthy while similar violations of Human Rights that we commit against our perceived enemies as unworthy.

    1. Agreed, of course. As I wrote in my article, 'An act of inhumanity against one human, any human, is an act against all humanity.' That applies to all forms of oppression against any human, in whatever form, in whichever country.

      Sadly, what happened under the Nazi regime is just one example of inhumanity, but it was a huge and important one that needs not to be forgotten.

  3. Dr Michael Siegel is my great grandfather and bea is my grandmother. this is a truly awful thing to have happened.

    1. is this Michael, Mia, Joel, or Josh?


    1. you're wrong. That's my great grandfather and I assure you it really happened.

  5. Dear Anonymous, your comment that the photo was 'Photoshopped' is childish and offensive, and it's quite clear that you could not have read my article. The photo was first published soon after it was shot, in 1933, many decades before Photoshop and computers were invented. It was published by newspapers in the USA and later worldwide and in history books.

  6. I just still don't believe that the Germans did this...:(, I can,t believe that people who did all those crimes were so un-human!! but yes your saying at the end is Magic sentece!

  7. First I would like to say, there is no question that Human Rights laws must be protected. As for the picture being fake or for that matter the story of what happened that day. I do not know , but such things do happen. However I would have liked to see a comparative picture that highlights the atrocities that are taking place now as we speak. The ‘Nazi’ story is linked to the formation of the human rights charter and also linked are the atrocities taking place in the Gaza strip as we speak. I am always baffled by the fact that a people who suffered so much under the hands of the Nazi’s could themselves become as evil in their actions. We can not protect or save the lives of Jews who died 70 years ago, but we should now focus our attention on the lives we can fight to protect , Lets do it before their last remaining homes are bulldozed to the ground and their children murdered. After 70 years it is time all Jews stopped looking at the past and started looking in the mirror.

    1. To compare what the Nazis did to my father and later to many others, only worse, to actions taken by Israel today to protect its citizens from those who would like to annihilate that country, shows a profound ignorance of truth and reality.

      "Anonymous" would do well to do a bit of homework to get his/her facts straight.

    2. "The typical response" of the most virulent antiSemite!

    3. Bea, ignore the haters like Aubrey Gilbert. They will die in their own venom.

    4. As a third-generation child of Holocaust survivors, I am shocked about the lack of humanity towards others that too are dehumanised. It is not antisemitism to feel sadness that those who are part of the state of Israel or support it uncritical perpetuate this 'us and them' attitude. And I appreciate this is not that simple when you feel under siege, rightly or wrongly. But we need to acknowledge that we use our yellow stars as some self-righteous badge to excuse land grabs and at times disproportionate retaliation. However, in the same context people cannot deny the atrocities and genocide that led to the exodus and formation of the state of Israel. Europe, in particular Germany has caused this mass-migration. You don't get to wash your hands of this situation. But I personally cannot look at this picture and yet feel comfortable about people being vilified for their religion. Religious profiling and discrimination is wrong in any circumstances.

    Everyone should watch this multi award winning film made by an Israeli Jew about what he found when he investigated racism against Jews today in the world. A fantastic insight into just how complex and political this subject has become.

  9. I couldn't get this to post using WordPress. It kept saying that it was having trouble verifying my identity on OpenID, so I have posted it on Anonymous:

    As Dr Michael Siegel, we must ........No!.......words fail me!......... the following says enough:

    "'An act of inhumanity against one human, any human, is an act against all humanity.' That applies to all forms of oppression against any human, in whatever form, in whichever country. ........Sadly, what happened under the Nazi regime is just one example of inhumanity, but it was a huge and important one that needs not to be forgotten".


    God bless the 'Righteous Among the Nations' that set such an exemplary example to us all.


  10. Jon, thanks for writing this post. It's tremendously well researched. One thing I don't understand... Why do you publish hateful comments?

    1. We need to win the arguments against hate; hiding them won't make them go away. We need to know and be aware. That's why I published the story about what happened to Dr Siegel in 1933.

  11. There really are some ignorant people about. They need to go and visit a Concentration camp and see the evidence for themselves. God forbid that anything like this ever happens again.

  12. Sadly, the majority of humans (similar to chimpanzees but not most other primates) are in simplistic terms, controlled and driven by their amygdala (and its circuitry). These people seek power and control. This results in tribalism, "my god is better than your god," narcissism, and violence. Worse, the hormones released actually produce pleasure and are addictive. (Think about those who torture animals and prisoners). Hate is the passive emotional state that precedes, allows for, and leads to violence. The humans who are instead driven by their anterior cingulate gyrus, sadly a minority, are empathetic and try to emulate the Hippocratic oath: "First, do no harm." And also the original "negative" Golden Rule (promulgated by Confucius around 500BC, Hillel in the 1st century BC, and many others.) "Do NOT do unto others what you would NOT have them do to you." (I'll learn what you deem harmful to yourself and refrain from doing it.) This changed much later, sadly, radically, and predictably to the narcissistic, rigid, and authoritarian so-called "positive" Golden Rule: "DO unto others what you would have them DO to you" by the Romans and some early Christians, and culminated by Roman Emperor Constantine at the Council of Nicaea in 324AD and continues today. (I'll do what I LIKE/WANT to you and then you SHOULD do the same to me, because I know what's right.) The odds of humans changing are minimal, short of a global crisis or tragedy (or conquest by Star Trek like aliens who believe and function with the true "socialism" espoused by George Bernard Shaw, Socrates, Hillel, Spinoza, Einstein, and others, and not given to the adrenaline and dopamine rush sought by tyrants. Being a cynic, I'm not holding my breath.
    Bob Gale, MD,JD

  13. Is Isreal Jews doing a similar thing (as Nazi did to them) to Palestine people today?

  14. A respectful request to all those who have a disproportionately huge beef with Israel: Consider going after other countries such as China, Kenya, Russia, Gambia, Saudi Arabia.
    Any takers?
    And please do not compare Israel to Nazi Germany.
    Why not?
    Read this:
    שנה טובה

  15. I cannot believe this people talking about a photoshopped picture????? Is that how you explain a genocide??? Under what rock gas trump taken you from????

    1. Yours is a reckless and infantile comment which has no foundation in fact. The photo of Dr Michael Siegel being marched in the streets of Munich was first published on the front page of the "Washington Times" on 23rd March 1933. They did not have Photoshop then.

  16. I am the grandson of Max Uhlfelder. Thank you Jon for writing this article. It's very good and includes details that I have heard throughout my life from my father. My grandfather Max died in 1959 and my father died in 2000. One small clarification -- my grandfather was released from Dachau after this event, in 1933 and it was not until Kristalnacht (November 9-10, 1938) that they were imprisoned again (also in Dachau). It is too bad you have to deal with internet haters and trolls, but they will always be there. In those interim years from 1933 to 1938 my father and grandfather felt that National Socialism (Naziism) would die out, and after all, they were Germans first (in their minds). It was the same people (like many of those writing above) that allowed Naziism not just to flourish but to take over Germany and to kill so many millions of Jews and others.

    1. Mark, thank you for sharing this information, which is much appreciated. Kind regards, Jon Danzig

  17. I have met one of the children who was on the train...she is 90 some years old and lives in Long Island, family came to the
    States not before..not after...but during the Holocaust (1940) and my Father was in a labor camp in Germany...all of my Fathers family
    was lost as were most of my Mothers family...they came from of now there are 3 of us 1st Cousins that all that remain.
    it is a shame that when you are young you do not ask questions and so none of us knows the whole story.
    About the way the Government of Israel treats the Arabs...they go into the Gaza Strip and tear down the houses when they blond to
    a bomber..the people in the Strip were told this would happen...if the Arabs want a homeland (and they deserve to have one) then they should turn in to the Israel Police any known bomber as a sign of good can not have people who want to kill you
    living next door to you.

  18. I had a client who was a German Jew who was bought out of Dachau with his cousin in 1939. He arrived in the UK with 10 shillings in his pocket and promptly set about earning a living. He was then interned and sent on that ship to Australia in appalling conditions for which the UK government has since apologised. He was then offered the chance to come back and fight for the allies which he did. He took part in the D-Day landings as a tank driver. The tank was bombed and all were killed save Willy. He was sent back to England where he recovered, was given another tank and sent back to fight again. He fought with the allies and was in the victory parade in Berlin in his tank. After the war he went back to Germany regularly to speak in schools where he told the children about his experiences of the war. Willy and his cousin were the only surviving members of the family. Amazingly he was not bitter and was one of the nicest people it has been my pleasure to know.


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